Friday, September 17, 2021

“We walked 18 hours, without food”: the advance of the Taliban triggers the exodus of Afghans | Migration and development

- Advertisement -

Must read

A. the weary Zebah Gul and her eight children are quietly gathered in a small room at a transit center in Herat, northeast Afghanistan. His six-month attempt to escape the war and find safety has failed.

They have just spent a week in detention by Iranian police after being caught trying to cross the border into Turkey, and are beginning to return to their besieged home province of Takhar, on the opposite side of the expanding country.

“Our town was surrounded by the Taliban and government forces. Air strikes and shootings between the two sides were a daily occurrence, ”says Gul, 35, whose husband is still in Iran after evading arrest.

Her husband had worked as a farmer until it became too dangerous. His plan had been to stay only a short time in Iran because the pandemic and US sanctions have made it difficult to find work there and life is more expensive. The family’s priority was the safety of their children; they were so desperate to leave that they didn’t even know which Turkish city they would reach.

“Afghanistan is not a good place to be, there is war and the security situation is not good,” says Gul.

The family agreed to pay a smuggler $ 650 (£ 471) for each person if the crossing was successful, but their attempt was thwarted by the Iranian border police. All except Gul’s husband were arrested.

“We are devastated to have to return to Takhar. It’s not safe, ”says Gul.

Without property, with few job prospects, and facing daily conflict, the family has little to return to other than a few relatives. His story is not unique; As Taliban fighters have spread across the country in recent weeks, civilians have been caught in the crossfire. July 21 the Pentagon admitted that half of all district centers are now in the hands of the Taliban, which surround 17 of Afghanistan’s 34 provincial capitals.

Afghanistan is battling additional crises, including a severe drought, the impact of Covid, and declining aid funding – the UK has cut its direct aid to Afghanistan by 78%, amid international military withdrawals and huge territorial gains for the Taliban.

Less than a quarter of the $ 1.3 billion (£ 290 million) in global aid that the UN says is necessary this year it has been delivered in Afghanistan, leaving humanitarian organizations unable to provide assistance on the ground.

Cross-border returns have increased since the start of the pandemic in early 2020. About 550,000 people have returned to Afghanistan so far this year, says Nick Bishop, an emergency response officer at the International Organization for Migration (IOM). That’s double the usual rate, he says, and 55% of those people arrived after being deported back to the country.

“We normally see 500,000 [people] one year; There are many circular migration flows, which are linked to seasonal agricultural migration, so it is not unusual to see that number. But in the last five years, in particular, socio-economic conditions have deteriorated a lot: 90% of Afghans live on £ 1.50 a day, ”says Bishop.

“As the conflict escalates, more people will be displaced. There are new powers in different parts of the country, and many people are concerned about what comes next in terms of education and the future of women. “

Smuggling networks through Afghanistan carry people across the border, and entering Turkey through Iran is a common route.

Hafizullah with his pregnant wife, Shaiesta, and their two young children in a transit camp in Herat, where they were taken after being arrested in Tehran, Iran. Photographer: Charlie Faulkner

Hafizullah and Shaiesta, and their two young children, left their home in Takhar two months before reaching the transit center. It was a dangerous journey to Tehran, from where they had planned to travel to Turkey and eventually Europe, but Hafizullah was arrested by the Iranian police before the family had a chance to cross.

“I had no job in Takhar and there was so much fighting … there were suicide attacks, the security situation in Afghanistan is bad,” says Hafizullah, who did not give his middle name. “We walked for 18 hours without food at one point to get to Iran. The children were crying, my wife and I were terrified that the police would shoot us. “

In Tehran, Hafizullah says he worked illegally as a shop assistant for 200 Afghans (£ 1.83) a day, until he believes he was reported to the authorities.

Since the beginning of the year, the fighting has driven nearly 223,000 people from their homes, according to the UN. Turkish media have reported that between 500 and 1,000 Afghans cross the border into Turkey illegally every day.

“The Turkish-Iranian border is heavily fenced. The fact is, for Afghans to cross, there will be family separation and attempts to cross Lake Van. There will be a lot of Afghan deaths, ”says Bishop, who says 8,400 Afghans have been sent back on deportation flights from Turkey this year.

A group of people walk at dusk alongside a railway in the city of Van after crossing the Iran-Turkey border on June 8, 2021.
A group of people walk alongside a railway in the city of Van after crossing the Iran-Turkey border on June 8, 2021. Most migrants cross this route from Afghanistan, Iran or Pakistan, but it is plagued by risks. Photographer: Sedat Suna / EPA

It says opportunistic criminals are targeting Afghans in Iran.

“We have several Afghans in captivity for extortion. A family of 17 had sold all their possessions, moved to Iran with the intended destination of Turkey, and were later extorted for $ 20,000. They had to raise that money, an exorbitant amount of money, and then they were turned over to the Iranian authorities, ”Bishop says.

“People are trying to find new solutions for themselves. Afghans would like to stay home, they are very nationalistic. It is a symptom of a broader economic security dynamic across the country. “

Do Not Miss

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

New Zealand Postpones Pakistan Cricket Tour Over “Security Alert” | ...

0
New Zealand Cricket says it is abandoning the Black Caps' first scheduled game in Pakistan in 18 years.New Zealand postponed its cricket tour of...

Apple and Google remove the app from jailed Kremlin critic Alexei...

0
New York Times: Apple and Google remove the app from jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny who was coordinating the protest vote, giving in to...

Illumina celebrates International Equal Pay Day

0
Northampton, MA - News Direct - IlluminaFor the second year in a row, the United Nations celebrates the International Day for Equal Pay on...

More than 60 South Korean crypto exchanges to suspend services next...

0
FILE PHOTO: Representations of the cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, DogeCoin, Ripple, Litecoin are placed on the PC motherboard in this illustration taken on June 29,...

Marks & Spencer closes stores in France due to the consequences...

0
British retailer Marks and Spencer said on Thursday it planned to close more than half of its stores in France due to Brexit affecting...

Atlanta United vs DC United prediction, preview, team news & more

0
MLS is back in action with another set of games this weekend when Atlanta United takes on DC United in a major game on...

Back-to-office delays affect downtown New York City restaurants

0
In August, Gerber Group's bars and restaurants in Manhattan began hiring more workers in preparation for the influx of customers returning to the offices...

Australia Says More US Troops To Come, Plans Missile Project |...

0
Approximately 2,200 US Marines are scheduled to pass through Darwin in the 2021 rotation, as Canberra also envisions improved air and maritime capability.Australia has...

UN: climate promises put world on ‘catastrophic track’

0
BERLIN: The world is on a "catastrophic path" to a warmer future unless governments make more ambitious promises to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the...

Washington’s Chase Young asked to mistreat the Giants’ Daniel Jones; ...

0
Washington defensive end Chase Young came under fire for mistreating Giants quarterback Daniel Jones in the first quarter of the teams' "Thursday Night Football"...

As business technology explodes, founders seek double bottom line

0
the Transform Technology Summits begins October 13 with Low-Code / No Code: Enabling Business Agility. Register now! The pandemic has changed everything, including business...

Did Occupy Wall Street mean anything at all?

0
Around noon on September 24 2011, a young black man named Robert Stephens fell to his knees in the middle of the road outside...

Faroe Islands to reexamine hunting rules as anger grows over mass...

0
Faroe Islands updatesSign up for myFT Daily Digest to be the first to know about the news from the Faroe Islands. The Faroe Islands have...

Nuclear submarine deal wants to reshape Indo-Pacific relations

0
WELLINGTON, New Zealand (AP) - The United States, Britain and Australia have announced that they are forming a new security alliance that will help...

Brazil’s Bolsonaro will attend the UN meeting despite not being vaccinated

0
BRASILIA: Brazilian President not vaccinated by Covid, Jair Bolsonaro, said Thursday that he will attend the United Nations conclave next week in New York,...

How Dallas’ Biggest Critic WR CeeDee Lamb Is Helping Him Stop...

0
In just one full season and one NFL game this year, CeeDee Lamb has been a gift to the Dallas Cowboys. Coming out...

College Football Upset Alert: Expert Picks For Week 3 Losers With...

0
This is not an easy contest, folks. And yet here we are, two weeks in this underdog business, and our college football wizard...

Since I can’t build a wall around our talent, here’s how...

0
As the CEO of a technology company for 15 years, I have seen employees come and go for many reasons. But in the...

Ping An shares tumble over China Evergrande contagion fears

0
Updates from Ping An Insurance Group Co of China LtdSign up for myFT Daily Digest to be the first to know about Ping An...

Taliban: Victorious, the Taliban face a fierce new test in Afghanistan

0
KABUL: Having conquered Afghanistan, the Taliban now face the formidable task of keeping the peace within their own ranks and leading a country on...

Libya’s interim government must end crackdown on civil society | ...

0
In 2011, Libyans took to the streets to overthrow the Muammar Gaddafi regime after 42 years of dictatorship. In the midst of the...

US prepares to toughen sanctions against Ethiopia and conflict parties

0
Ethiopia updatesSign up for myFT Daily Digest to be the first to know about the news from Ethiopia. Washington is ready to toughen sanctions against...

Afghans who fled Panjshir: ‘Everything can change every hour’ | ...

0
Kabul, afghanistan - Since the Taliban claimed "full control" over the Panjshir Valley in northeastern Afghanistan earlier this month, the group has been accused...

Last orders for holiday lovers as the Welsh boho pub closes...

0
Perched high on a cliff above the Atlantic waves, the hotel has long been a bohemian haven for musicians, artists, and dreamers of all...

As Nigerian Health Care Bleeds, Striking Doctors Vow To Fight |...

0
For months * Emeka Nwaeze had to travel back and forth between her family's home in Owerri, the capital of southern Nigeria's Imo State,...

Activists push for next German leader to act on climate

0
BERLIN (AP) - Environmental activists on Friday lobbied for Germany's next chancellor to crack down on climate change, including advancing the country's coal phase-out...

NSW Covid Vaccination Rate by Suburb: Check the Percentages in Your...

0
The New South Wales government has released data showing Covid vaccination rates by area; you can use this interactive map to check your...

Russia to shoot first full-length film in space, ‘The Challenge’

0
MOSCOW - The first satellite in space, the first dog, the first man, the first woman and now, if all goes according to plan,...

Tesla to open controversial beta FSD software to owners with a...

0
Tesla CEO Elon Musk said the company will use personal driving data to determine whether owners who have paid for its controversial "Full Self-Driving"...

The Shade Room is set to premiere ‘Love Locked’, a reality...

0
The Shade Room delves into the wonderful and dramatic world of dating shows with the new original series Love Locked. And Chile,...

Three Children Found Dead in New Zealand Home As Police Investigate...

0
Three young children who had just moved to New Zealand from South Africa were killed in what police say they are investigating as a...

Bryce Dallas Howard to direct and produce a Disney + reboot...

0
Bryce Dallas Howard's narrative directorial debut is on the way. The "Jurassic World" actress and "Dads" director is set to produce and direct...

Tech investor Chamath Palihapitiya: ‘I reserve the right to change my...

0
Chamath Palihapitiya carries himself with the trademark confidence of a billionaire tech investor. He flies around on private jets and owns a slice of...

Rolls-Royce all-electric plane completes its 15-minute maiden voyage

0
Rolls-Royce, best known in aviation for its jet engines, has taken on an all-electric aircraft on its maiden voyage. The "Spirit of Innovation"...

Asia-Pacific markets are mixed; Evergrande shares in Hong Kong down...

0
SINGAPORE - Asia-Pacific stocks were mixed in Friday morning trading, and Hong Kong stocks continued to post further losses.The benchmark Hang Seng index in...

‘How is Pauli Murray not a household name?’ The extraordinary life...

0
It seems inconceivable that someone like Pauli Murray could have slipped through the cracks of US history. A lawyer, activist, scholar, poet and priest,...

Despite global ambitions, Netflix gives TV an American accent

0
Media updatesSign up for myFT Daily Digest to be the first to know about the news from the media. In the 1969 film Butch Cassidy...

Is James McAvoy’s impromptu thriller the weirdest Covid movie yet? ...

0
TThe pandemic has subjected us to a brave new world of cinematic experiences: a horror shoot on Zoom, Anne Hathaway trying to rob Harrods,...

Fantasy Cricket Tips, Today’s Playing 11 and Release Report for the...

0
Norway will face Sweden in the 2021 European Cricket Championship Qualifier at Cártama Oval in Cártama on Friday.Norway have been in incredible shape at...

Game changer or irresponsible? The Known Unknowns About Australia’s Nuclear...

0
It started, as defense stories often do, with an acronym. Australians woke up Thursday morning to Aukus, a new alliance between Australia, Britain...

While urging vaccination, WHO rejects vaccination data on its staff

0
GENEVA: The United Nations health agency, which has repeatedly urged the world to get vaccinated against Covid-19 and other diseases, declined on Friday to...

Bow Wow tries to connect with exes Angela Simmons and Erica...

0
Bow Wow was really active on social media Thursday, publicly messaging some of his famous exes.Bow Wow has a list of celebrity dates, from...

Drake’s ‘Way Too Sexy’ Gets Number One As ‘Certified Lover Boy’...

0
As # Drake takes cozy photos and lives his best life, #CertifiedLoverBoy is topping the charts.According to @billboardcharts, #WayTooSexy came in at number...

North Korea fired ballistic missiles from train amid growing tensions with...

0
North Korea says it successfully launched ballistic missiles from a train for the first time and continued to beef up its defenses, after the...
- Advertisement -

Don't Miss