A report from the United Nations released on friday He warned that the planet will likely warm by more than 2.7 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, unless governments take additional steps to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
Because it is important: The report, released just months before the UN Climate Summit in November, highlights mounting pressure on world leaders to crack down on emissions to avoid the worst effects of climate change.
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Driving the news: For the report, 113 countries, including the United States, submitted new pledges that would add up to a 12% decrease in emissions by 2030 compared to 2020 levels.
But dozens of countries, including China, India and Saudi Arabia, made no new formal commitments.
The panorama: Taken together, the current climate promises made by the 191 signatories to the Paris climate agreement would result in a 16% increase in emissions from 2010 levels.
The report indicates that the world must dramatically increase efforts to curb emissions to meet the main goal of the Paris agreement, which calls for warming to be limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels.
What are they saying: “Today’s report … shows that the world is on a catastrophic path toward 2.7 degrees of warming, “UN Secretary General António Guterres said in a statement.
“This is breaking a promise made six years ago to pursue the 1.5 degree Celsius target of the Paris Agreement. Failure to meet this target will be measured in massive loss of life and livelihoods.”
The UN chief added that the world has “the tools to achieve this goal. But we are quickly running out of time.”
The bottom line: “It is time for leaders to stand up and deliver, or the people of all countries will pay a tragic price,” he said.
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